Is College for Everyone? Alternative Education and Careers
Generally, going to college is the next logical step after graduating from high school. Students start selecting colleges and submitting applications even before acquiring a high school diploma. But is college for everyone? What happens if you don’t have the urge to pursue a college education after your high school graduation?
A 2020 survey by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) indicated that 62.7 percent of high school graduates enrolled in colleges and universities. This percentage decreased by 3.2 percent during the 2021-2022 school year as more high school graduates opted not to go to college. So, is college really necessary? This article will answer this question and offer alternatives to college for students who prefer a different learning path. Keep reading to find out more.
Is College Really Necessary?
The answer to this common question is: it depends. Whether college is necessary or not depends on your desired career path. Ultimately, college is important because it enhances your earning potential and job security. But that doesn’t mean going to college is necessary.
Many successful entrepreneurs like Mark Zuckerberg, Steve Jobs, and Tiger Woods didn’t need a college degree to excel. Education might be essential, but most employers prioritize skill and hands-on experience.
The decision of whether or not to go to college differs from individual to individual. Some students prefer pursuing a four-year degree after high school, while others would rather attend a community college. In fact, nearly 40 percent of college students drop out before completing their degrees to pursue an alternative path.
Can You Get a Job Without a College Degree?
Yes, you can get a great job without a college degree. Some professions like doctor, registered nurse, or engineer require an undergraduate degree or higher. But that doesn’t mean the labor market limits non-college degree holders. You can find a wide range of careers in technology, sales, marketing, construction, and writing.
However, having some form of secondary career training will put you ahead of other job seekers and give you access to your dream job. Employees in many industries prioritize job skills, experience, and passion for the job, all of which are factors that don’t require a college education. Therefore, you can pursue alternative learning paths like bootcamps, community colleges, certifications, or apprenticeships to improve your skills.
5 Reasons Why College Isn’t For Everyone
Despite it being a good option for high school graduates, not everyone is interested in postsecondary education. The graduation rates are declining, and many students prefer alternative learning paths over an American college education. Below are some reasons why people are opting out of college.
Not Every Profession Requires a College Degree
As the job market grows, more employers realize that a college degree doesn’t equate to excellence at work. Nowadays, several professions across all industries employ a mix of college graduates and non-graduates. It isn’t a shock to find non-degree holders getting higher pay than their counterparts.
You only need to gain essential skills and on-the-job training to excel at what you do. Popular careers include massage therapists, home health aides, software developers, automotive technicians, hairstylists, and opticians.
College Is Expensive
Generally, education is expensive, but pursuing higher education has left millions of American students grappling with student debt. According to an article in The Guardian, over 44 million Americans are in debt, with the country’s student loan debt amounting to over $1.8 billion. Many of these students aren’t from affluent families and must pay these loans themselves, adding financial burdens into their lives.
Why would you want to be part of these statistics? Instead of relying on private loans and federal student loans, why not find an alternative educational path? Several affordable training programs can equip you with marketable skills to help you thrive in the job sector.
You’re Not Sure
It is not uncommon for high school graduates to be confused by the variety of learning options. If you are unsure whether or not to attend college, that’s an indication for you to take your time. As mentioned above, college is expensive, and you wouldn’t want to make the wrong decision. Whether you can’t decide on a career path or are just getting cold feet, explore different options before deciding.
Not All Degree Careers Are Well-Paying
A college degree doesn’t necessarily mean you will land a well-paying job. Many non-degree holders receive hefty annual salaries and compete with degree-holders for high-ranking positions. In fact, public college graduates earn less than graduates from vocational programs.
In addition, the burden of federal loans makes it harder for some college graduates to earn higher paychecks. If you must attend college, select a major and institution that will guarantee a high return on investment.
You’re Already Working
If you already have a full-time job, you may want to hold off going to college in order to focus on building your career. After all, you’re already gaining experience and skills to advance your career in your current role. In addition, choosing a career over college allows you to save money, which you can invest in your education later while avoiding student loans.
5 Reasons Why College Can Be Useful
Although not necessary, going to college has an array of benefits. Low-income students and students from privileged backgrounds are all given the same opportunity to achieve academic success. You will also enjoy college life and gain new experiences. With that said, Study Data Science has compiled five reasons that explain why college education is beneficial.
Enhance Your Career Options
Many job postings will ask for a college degree to narrow down the applicants and attract capable candidates. In addition, before selecting a major in college, you can pursue several core courses, allowing you to gain additional skills. Skills such as writing, agile skills, coding, analytical skills, or administrative skills will come in handy when exploring a different career option.
Expand Earning Potential
It is easier to negotiate a higher salary when you have the education to match. College graduates earn more money, depending on their education level and career path. Furthermore, many jobs with a mandatory college degree requirement have a higher earning potential. You can do your research to find jobs that require a college degree to earn a high annual salary.
The College Experience
College life is very different from your day-to-day routine. You will meet new people, learn independence, build your confidence, and tackle real-life situations as an adult. Going to college allows you to discover who you are away from friends and family and facilitates overall personal development.
College degrees may not be mandatory, but they ensure job security. If you have a college degree, you can always apply for a new job. In addition, nine times out of 10, college-degree holders are more valuable to employers than non-degree holders. That is especially true in careers that require a college degree.
Pursuing a college degree is more likely to lead to job satisfaction because you have a better chance of landing your dream job or jobs that you enjoy. College gives you the freedom to select a major that aligns with your career path. Moreover, doing what you love leads to life satisfaction and improves overall productivity.
Alternatives to a College Degree
The 21st Century workforce is privileged to have options when it comes to education. For example, just because you’re not going to college doesn’t mean you’ll remain uneducated. There are several credible alternatives for anyone who may not consider themselves college material. Below are the top five options available to you.
Vocational School or Trade School
A vocational program equips students with the knowledge and skills to succeed in a specific job. Vocational schools mainly deal with technical skills for hands-on careers such as electricians, massage therapists, plumbers, and equipment installers. The programs are shorter than a four-year degree and more affordable.
Coding bootcamps are short-term intensive training programs that focus on tech-related careers like software development, data science, data analysis, and machine learning. Coding bootcamp students spend less than a year acquiring specific hard and soft skills needed in the tech industry. In addition, most bootcamps offer flexible payment options, career guidance, and job guarantees, which heightens the possibility of student success.
Nowadays, there are many avenues for potential business owners to start a business. Therefore, if you are passionate and business-minded, you can pursue entrepreneurship before getting a college degree. Keep in mind that starting your own business requires hard work and product knowledge. You can learn how to become an entrepreneur by enrolling in a short-term online course or coding bootcamp.
Community colleges are an excellent option for anyone who can’t afford a four-year degree or isn’t interested in getting a college degree. Community colleges offer two-year programs, which earn you an associate degree. With an associate degree, you can join the workforce immediately as these programs are designed to prepare students for careers that don’t need a bachelor’s degree.
Additionally, associate degrees can reduce the time it takes to complete your undergraduate degree. You can transfer your credits and shorten the four-year timeframe. However, the process doesn’t apply to standalone community college courses.
Apprenticeships are short-term career opportunities that also offer on-the-job training. It is a paid position that focuses on industry-related skills, tools, and technologies. Apprenticeships are a great alternative because they provide hands-on training, recognized qualifications, networking opportunities, and employee benefits.
Typically, apprenticeships take a year or more, depending on your employer. And if you’re lucky, you can get absorbed into the workforce after the program.
Best Jobs Without a College Degree
By now, you already know that non-degree holders can thrive in the same way degree holders do. You can earn $100K and beyond by working in finance, sales, and engineering fields. Below is a table listing ten jobs you can pursue without a college degree.
|Career Title||Minimum Education||Average Salary|
|Power plant operator||High school diploma||$89,090|
|Patrol officer||High school diploma or equivalent||$67,290|
|Flight attendant||High school diploma||$59,050|
|Firefighter||High school diploma, certification||$52,500|
|Postal service clerks||High school diploma or equivalent||$51,150|
|Massage therapist||Specialized postsecondary education||$43,620|
|Optician||High school diploma or equivalent||$38,530|
|Emergency medical technician (EMT)||Specialized postsecondary education||$36,650|
|Hairstylist||Specialized postsecondary education||$27,630|
|Home health aide||High school diploma||$27,080|
Is College Right for You?
The final decision on whether or not college is right for you lies with you. There are pros and cons to each decision, and you need to decide for yourself after weighing all your options. On the bright side, you have learned that you can still build a successful, prosperous, and fulfilling career without a college degree.
FAQ: Is College For Everyone?
One way to know whether going to college is right for you is by considering potential career paths you’d like to pursue and researching what educational qualifications are required. If you are unsure of what career you’d like, don’t rush into picking a random field to study in college. This can be an expensive waste of time. Take your time considering all of your options.
Should everyone go to college?
No, not everyone should go to college because in many cases, it’s not necessary for the career they want. You can find alternative learning paths to help you acquire the same experience as college students. However, some professions require a mandatory degree for college grads for all employees.
Why is going to college important?
Going to college is essential because it enables career training. You will develop the vital skills for your profession, gain access to your dream job and expand your potential earnings. However, should you decide otherwise, make sure you are well-informed on your decision.
Is college education easy or hard?
Whether a college education is easy or hard depends on your degree choice and passion. However, getting a college degree isn’t the same as earning a high school diploma. College is more challenging than a high school education.